Officiating the Pervasive Uniformity through Perspicacity and Intellect: an Estimate of the Era of Rightly Guided Caliphs
Office of the executive is always for the ease and comfort of common man and this is the hypothesis which can be built for the very office of the “Caliphate”. Even a cursory study of the era of the pious caliphs of Islam pin-points the fact that early caliphs of Islam adopted an “open-door” policy in order to ease the accessibility of the public to the executive office. They dedicated their mind and soul for the ease and comfort of the public and left no stone unturned in this connection. They used their God-gifted capacities and capabilities in this connection. It is evident from the pages of history that they remained successful in establishing the honor of the office through the rule of law. The study in hand is an estimate of the era of the rightly guided caliphs as a bench-mark in the history of Islam. They set a golden example for their followers and other rulers.
2. Osman Nuri Topbas, Principles from the Lives of Four Rightly Guided Caliphs (Istunbul, Erkum Publishers, 2010), p.7.
3. Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 35, Hadith 4629.
4. Sheikh Muhammad Siddique, Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) K 100 Qissay trans. by Khalid Mehmood (Lahore: Bait al-Aloom, 2012), p.16.
5. Muhammad Ibrahim Kamara and Joanne McEwan, Biographies of Rightly Guided Caliphs (Egypt: Da al-Mananah, 2001), p.54.
6. Ibid, pp.57-59.
7. Sura al-Muhammad, The Holy Quran, 47:7.
8. Biographies of Rightly Guided Caliphs, pp.65-77.
9. Jalal ad-Din as-Sayuti, The History of the Caliphs trans. by Major H. S. Jarret (Calcutta: Asiatic Society, 1881), pp.77-78.
11. Jalal ad-Din as-Sayuti, The History of the Khalifahs trans. by Abdassamad Clarke (London: Ta’ha Publishers Limited, 1995), pp.69-72.
13. Sunan al-Tirimizi, 3681.
14. Biographies of Rightly Guided Caliphs, pp.179-180.
15. Wilferd Madelung, The Succession of Muhammad (PBUH) (UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997), p.75.
16. Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab trans. By Nasiruddin al-Khattab (Saudi Arabia: International Islamic Publishing House, 2010), vol. I, pp.467.468.
17. Biographies of Rightly Guided Caliphs, pp.217-218.
19. The History of Khalifahs, p.142.
20. Sahih Muslim, Book 44, Hadith 39.
21. Jalal ad-Din Ahmad Amjadi, Syedna Usman-e-Ghani (RA) Zunnorain (Lahore: Tanzeem Nojawan-e-Ahal-e-Sunnat, 1995), pp.26-27.
22. Abdullah Madni, Hazrat Usman-e-Ghani k Faisley (Lahore: Madni Book Corner, 2014), p.177.
23. Biographies of Rightly Guided Caliphs, pp.288-289.
24. Muhamamd Haseeb al-Qadri, Seerat Syedna Usman-e-Ghani (RA) (Lahore: Akbar Book Sailors, 2019), pp.59-62.
26. Sahih al-Bukhari, 466.
27. Sahih al-Bukhari, 4154.
28. Muhammad Mohsin, Seerat-e-Pak Hazrat Ali (RA) (Lahore: Shakir Publications, 2014), p.92.
29. Ibid, pp.92-93.
30. Kaukab Shadani, Selected Judgments of Hazrat Ali (RA) (Karachi, Peer Mahomed Ebrahim Trust, 1969), p.171.
32. Abdullah Madni, Hazrat Ali (RA) K Faisley (Lahore: Mushtaq Book Corner, 2014), p.87.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.