Entrepreneurial Intentions on Higher Education Students

  • Teresa Maria Leitão Dieguez Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave & Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is an issue that causes a lot of controversy. Some people assert that becoming an entrepreneur is a solution for young students; some others argue that this statement is not so obvious, since the implementation of a business demands investment and requires capital, capital that is not easy to obtain. This article looks at a sample of 275 college students in Portugal and seeks to investigate if there is any relationship of entrepreneurial intentions of university students and some variables as training areas, higher education institutions, gender, age and family influences. To achieve this goal, a survey was carried out to college students, trying to understand how the training schools encouraged the creation of an entrepreneurial culture, in what extent students were motivated to entrepreneurship and what are their intents for the future. The results demonstrate that entrepreneurial education is the basis of cultivating the entrepreneurial spirit in college students. The training areas, the ambition of having his/her/own business, having a great idea and having family´s history of entrepreneurial characteristics are the main causes that influence entrepreneurial intentions in college students.

References

1. Acs, Z. J., Arenius, P., Hay, M., & Miniti, M. (2005). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2004 executive report, London Business School and Babson College, London U.K, and Babson Park, MA, November 2004.
2. Altinay, E. & Basu, A. (2002). The interaction between culture and entrepreneurship in London’s immigrant business. International Small Business Journal 20 (4): 371-393.
3. Barreto, H. (1989). The entrepreneur in microeconomic theory: Disappearance and explanation. London: Routledge Kegan & Paul.
4. Başçı, E. S., & Alkan, R. M. (2015). Entrepreneurship Education at Universities: Suggestion for a Model Using Financial Support. Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 195 (World Conference on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship), 856-861.
5. Bramwell, A., Wolfe, D. (2008). Universities and regional economic development: The entrepreneurial University of Waterloo. Research Policy 37, 1175–1187.
6. Brazeal, D. and Herbert, T. (1999). The genesis of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship. Theory and Practice. 23 (3), Spring, 29-45.
7. Burger-Helmchen, T. (2012). Entrepreneurship - Born, Made and Educated. In Tech. 2012. Croatia.
8. Bygrave, W. and Hofer, C. (1991). Theorizing about Entrepreneuship, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 16 (2), Winter, 13-22.
9. Caniëls, M., van den Bosch, H. (2011). The role of Higher Education Institutions in building regional innovation systems. Papers in Regional Science 90, 271–286.
10. Colombo, M., D’Adda, D., Piva, E. (2010). The contribution of university research to the growth of academic start-ups: an empirical analysis. The Journal of Technology Transfer 35 (1): 113-140.
11. Kirchhoff, B., Newbert, S., Hasan, I., Armington, C. (2007). The influence of university R&D expenditures on new business formations and employment growth. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31 (4), 543-559.
12. Bullough, A., Sully y De Luque, M., Abdelzaher, D. & Heim, W. (2015). Developing Women Leaders through entrepreneurship education and training. Academy Of Management Perspectives 29 (2), 250-270.
13. Carsud, A. & Brännback, M. (2011). Entrepreneurial motivations: what do we still need to know? Journal of Small Business Management 2011: 9-26.
14. Castro, C. & Dieguez, T. (2014). “Características empreendedoras dos proprietários/gestores de hostels na cidade do Porto - In CEPESE (Ed.), Porto as a tourism Destination. Porto: Formal Press – Publicações e Marketing, Lda.2014, ISBN: 978-989-729-128-9, 323-334.
15. Christensen, C. (1997). The Innovator’s Dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fall. Boston, Harvard Business School Press.
16. Christensen, C. (2003). The innovator’s solution - Creating and sustaining successful growth. Harvard Business School, Boston.
17. Christensen, K. (2004). A Classification of the Corporate Entrepreneurship Umbrella: Labels and Perspectives. Management Enterprise Development 1 (4): 301–315.
18. Cruz, M.T. De S; De Moraes, I. (2013). Empreendedorismo e resiliência: mapeamento das competências técnicas e comportamentais exigidas na atualidade. Revista Pensamento & Realidade 28 (2/2013): 59-76.
19. Dieguez, T. (2018). Empowering Hub in IGI Global (Ed), Knowledge Integration Strategies for Entrepreneurship and Sustainability DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5115-7.ch013. 256-284.
20. Dinis, A. e Ussman, A. (2006). Empresarialidade e empresário: Revisão da literatura. Comportamento Organizacional e Gestão 12 (1): 95-114.
21. Dornelas, J. (2001). Empreendedorismo Transformando Idéias em Negócio. Rio de Janeiro: Campus.
22. Drucker, P. (1969). The Age of Discontinuity: Guidelines to Our Changing Society. New York, Harper & Row.
23. Drucker, P. (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. London. Heinemann,
24. Drucker, P. (1986). Inovação e espírito empreendedor: prática e princípios. São Paulo: Pioneira, 1986.
25. Etzkowitz, H., Webster, A., Gebhardt, C., Terra, B. (2000). The future of the university and the university of the future: evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm. Research Policy 29, 313–330.
26. Filion, L. (1990), Les entrepreneurs parlent, Éditions de l’entrepreneur. Montréal.
27. Filion, L. (1995). “Entrepreneurship and management: differing but complementary processes”, in Latin American Conference Entrepreneurial Spirit, 8., Columbia, March, Cali.
28. García Estévez, J. (2013). Essays on universities and economic development.
29. Goldstein, H., Drucker, J. (2006). The Economic Development Impacts of Universities on Regions: Do Size and Distance Matter? Economic Development Quarterly 20, 22-43.
30. Hernandez-Gantes, V., Sorensen, R. and Nieri, A. (2004). “Fostering Entrepreneurship Through Business Incubation: The Role And Prospects Of Postsecondary Vocational-Technical Education”, Report 1: Survey Of Business Incubator Clients And Managers.
31. Hisrich, R., Peters, M. and Shepherd, D. (2007). Entrepreneurship. 7th Ed. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
32. Jansen, S., van de Zande, T., Brinkkemper, S., Stam, E., & Varma, V. (2015). How education, stimulation, and incubation encourage student entrepreneurship: Observations from MIT, IIIT, and Utrecht University. International Journal Of Management Education, 13170-181. doi:10.1016/j.ijme.2015.03.001.
33. Koh, H. (1996). Testing hypotheses of entrepreneurial characters: a study of Hong Kong MBA students. Journal of Managerial Psychology 11 (3): 12-25.
34. Kwok-Yiu, L., Choi-Tung, L., Hongyi, S., & Kam-Fai, W. (2012). Factores influencing students ntention to participate in on-campus entrepreneurial activities. Journal Of Entrepreneurship Education 151-19.
35. Mueller, S., & Anderson, A. R. (2014). Understanding the entrepreneurial learning process and its impact on students' personal development: A European perspective. International Journal Of Management Education 12 (3), 500-511.
36. Palmer, J., Griswold, M., Eidson, V., & Wiewel, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial intentions of male and female university students. International Journal Of Business & Public Administration 12 (1), 152-166.
37. Pfeilstetter, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship and regional development in Europe: A comparative, socio-anthropological case study in Germany and Spain. Anthropological Notebooks 19 (1): 45-57.
38. Rauch, A. & Hulsink, W. (2015). Putting Entrepreneurship Education Where the Intention to Act Lies: An Investigation Into the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Behavior. Academy Of Management Learning & Education, 14(2), 187-204.
39. Rosário, A. (2012). Propensão ao empreendedorismo dos alunos finalistas da Universidade do Porto. Tese de mestrado. Inovação e Empreendedorismo Tecnológico. Faculdade de Engenharia. Universidade do Porto. 2007.
40. Saeed, S., Yousafzai, S. Y., Yani-De-Soriano, M., & Muffatto, M. (2015). The Role of Perceived University Support in the Formation of Students' Entrepreneurial Intention. Journal Of Small Business Management 53 (4), 1127-1145.
41. Sarkar Soumodip (2014). Empreendedorismo e Inovação. 3ª edição, Lisboa: Escolar Editora,2014, ISBN:9789725924068.
42. Schumpeter, J. (1934). The Theory of Economic Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
43. Schumpeter, J. (1942). Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper and Brothers. Harper Colophon edition, 1976.
44. Stamboulis, Y., & Barlas, A. (2014). Entrepreneurship education impact on student attitudes. International Journal Of Management Education 12 (3), 365-373.
45. Sudharson, K., Ali, A. M., & Sermakani, A. (2013). An Organizational Perspective of Knowledge Communication in Developing Entrepreneurship Education for Engineering Students. Procedia . Social And Behavioral Sciences, 73(Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Integrated Information (IC-ININFO 2012), Budapest, Hungary, August 30 - September 3, 2012), 590-597. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.02.095
46. Uyarra, E. (2010). Conceptualizing the Regional Roles of Universities, Implications and Contradictions. European Planning Studies 18, 1227.
47. Walter, S. G., & Block, J. H. (2015). Outcomes of entrepreneurship education: An institutional perspective. Journal Of Business Venturing, doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2015.10.003.
Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
DIEGUEZ, Teresa Maria Leitão. Entrepreneurial Intentions on Higher Education Students. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 3, p. 161-177, dec. 2018. ISSN 2521-0041. Available at: <http://www.ijsshe.com/index.php/ijsshe/article/view/96>. Date accessed: 25 mar. 2019.
Section
Articles